Ingredient Substitutions




Measurement Equivalent
Baking Powder, 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar plus 1/4 teaspoon baking soda
Balsamic Vinegar, 1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon cider vinegar
or 1 tablespoon red wine vinegar plus 1/2 teaspoon sugar
Bread Crumbs, fine dry, 1/4 cup 3/4 cup soft bread crumbs
or 1/4 cup cracker crumbs
or 1/4 cup cornflake crumbs
Broth, beef or chicken, 1 cup 1 teaspoon of 1 cube instant beef
or chicken bouillion plus 1 cup hot water
Butter, 1 cup 1 cup shortening plus 1/4 teaspoon salt, if desired
Buttermilk, 1 cup 1 tablespoon lemon juice
or vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup (let stand 5 minutes before using)
or 1 cup plain yogurt
Chocolate, semisweet, 1 ounce 3 tablespoons semisweet chocolate pieces
or 1 ounce unsweetened chocolate plus 1 tablespoon granulated sugar
or 1 tablespoon unsweetened cocoa powder plus 2 teaspoons sugar and 2 tablespoons shortening
Cornstarch, 1 tablespoon (for thickening) 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
Corn syrup (light), 1 cup 1 cup granulated sugar plus 1/4 cup water
Egg, 1 whole 2 egg whites
or 2 egg yolks
or 1/4 cup refrigerated or frozen egg product, thawed
Flour, cake, 1 cup 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
Flour, self-rising, 1 cup 1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 teaspoon baking powder, 1/2 teaspoon salt, and 1/4 teaspoon baking soda
Garlic, 1 clove 1/2 teaspoon minced garlic
or 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder
Ginger, grated fresh, 1 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon ground ginger
Half-and-half or light cream, 1 cup 1 tablespoon melted butter or margarine plus enough whole milk to make 1 cup
Molasses, 1 cup 1 cup honey
Mustard, dry, 1 teaspoon 1 tablespoon prepared
Mustard, prepared, 1 tablespoon 1/2 teaspoon dry mustard plus 2 teaspoons vinegar
Onion, chopped, 1/2 cup 2 tablespoons dried minced onion
or 1/2 teaspoon onion powder
Sour cream, 1 cup 1 cup plain yogurt
Sugar, granulated, 1 cup 1 cup packed brown sugar
or 2 cups sifted powdered sugar
Sugar, brown, 1 cup packed 1 cup granulated sugar plus 2 tablespoons molasses
Tomato juice, 1 cup 1/2 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup water
Tomato sauce, 2 cups 3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water
Vanilla bean, 1 whole 2 teaspoons vanilla extract
Wine, red, 1 cup 1 cup beef or chicken broth in normal meal recipes
or 1 cup cranberry juice in desserts
Wine, white, 1 cup 1 cup chicken broth in normal meal recipes
or 1 cup apple or white grape juice in desserts
Yeast, active dry, 1 package 2-1/4 teaspoons active dry yeast